J.-M. Henin et al. — Synonymy between Leptothorax caparica and Cardiocondyla mauritanica 377 SYNONYMY BETWEEN LEPTOTHORAX CAPARICA HENIN, PAIVA & COLLING WOOD, 2001 AND CARDIOCONDYLA MAURITANICA FOREL, 1890 (HYMENOPTERA, FORMICIDAE). JEAN-MARC HENIN <a) CEDRIC COLLINGWOOD^ MARIA ROSA PAIVA (c) Short note A new species was recently described by HENIN et al. (2001) in the ant genus Leptothorax Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Four workers were collected in 2000, and later on more, about 30 km South from Lisbon, and named Leptothorax caparica sp. n.. However, the pictures and description of the species strongly recalled the genus Cardiocondyla. Accordingly, further analyse and identification by discriminant functions enabled the determination of the workers as Cardiocondyla mauritanica Forel, 1890, with an error probability of pO.OOOl (B. Seifert, pers. com.). caparica is thus a synonym of C. mauritanica. This cosmopolitan species is mainly distributed in semi-deserts and other xerothermous habitats (SEIFERT, 2003). First record for Iberia was reported by ORTIZ and TINAUT (1988): the sample originated from Malaga (Spain). Afterwards, ESPADALER (1992) caught the species in the south of Barcelona. Although not all Spanish records of C. mauritanica have been published, the species is, at present, known from many regions of Spain (ESPADALER, pers. com.). For Portugal however, the species was neither mentioned in COLLINGWOOD & PRINCE (1998), nor in a more recent catalogue by SALGUEIRO (2002). If correctly identified, our record would have been the first one for Portugal. SEIFERT (2003) also reports the presence of this species in, or near, "Montemor" (it is not known if it concerns Montemor-o-Velho or Montemor-o-Novo). According to the same author, C. mauritanica is "one of the most abundant and most widely distributed Cardiocondyla species of the world". It is thus very likely that future ant surveys in Portugal will lead to other records of this species ... as well as to other original findings. Acknowledgements We are very grateful to Dr X. Espadaler (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain), Dr B. Bolton (Natural History Museum of London, England) and Dr B. Seifert (Staatliches Museum fur Naturkunde, Gorlitz, Germany) for their kind comments on the initial description. We also sincerely acknowledge the latter for ants' identifications and the former for kind help in the writing of this note. ''Unite de Gestion des Ressources forestieres et des Milieux naturels, Faculte universitaire des Sciences agronomiques, Passage des Deportes, 2 - 5030 Gembloux (Belgium). E-mail: email@example.com |b) Liverpool City Museum. UK-L3 8EN - United Kingdom. "•''GUECKO/DCEA, FCT, Universidade Nova deLisboa, PT-2829-516 Campus de Caparica, Portugal. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org t 378 Bolm Soc. Port. Ent. n° 211 (VII-29): 377-378, 2003 REFERENCES Collingwood, C. A. & Prince, A. (1998). A Guide to the Ants of Continental Portugal. Supl. 5, Boletim da Sociedade Portuguese! de Entomologia: 49 pp. Espadaler, X. (1992). Formigues del Garraf: coneixement actual i claus de determinacio. 1 Trobada d'Estudiosos del Garraf. Monografies, 19: 9-13. Hentn, J.-M, Pap/a, M. R. & Collingwood, C. A. (2001). The Iberian Leptothorax Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae): discovery of a new species and first record of L. atiantis Santschi, 1911. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguese! de Entomologia, 7: 161-166. Ortiz, F.J. & Tinaut, A. (1988) Formicidos del litoral granadino. Orsis, 3: 145-163. SALGUEIRO, J. (2002) Catalogo dos Formicideos de Portugal continental e ilhas. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa, 31: 145-171. Seifert, B. (2003) The ant genus Cardiocondyla (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - a taxonomic revision of the C. elegans, C. bulgarica, C. batesii, C. nuda, C. shuckardi, C. stambuloffii, C. wroughtonii, C. emeryi, and C. mmutior species groups. Annalcn des naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 104 (B): 203-338.